Industrial Incident Investigation Techniques

Thomas V. Rodante, P.E., CFEI, CFII
Baker Engineering and Risk Consultants Inc., USA

Presented at International Symposium on Fire Investigation, 2012

NFPA 921 provides an excellent framework for individuals charged with the responsibility of investigating fire and explosion incidents. NFPA 921 establishes systematic investigative and analytical scientific techniques around the core principle of scientific methodology. Guidance is provided in NFPA 921 to show and explain the process of evidence collection, analysis, hypotheses formulation, forensic hypotheses testing, hypothesis correction and re-testing, and final cause determination. This presentation provides case study examples, not offered within NFPA 921, of forensic scientific methodology as applied to industrial petrochemical processing incidents.

Specific potential industrial evidence types are discussed and examples provided. The use of a timeline spreadsheet beyond that explained in NFPA 921 is shown with examples of how to correlate process data to witness statements. A case study scenario supposition and hypothesis spreadsheet is provided to show an example method for organizing observations, list related hypotheses, determine forensic test criteria, and document results. The provided example includes scientific forensic use of flame and vapor dispersion modeling, and metallurgical analysis. Finally, an example fault tree is shown as an alternative analytical method for cases in which the existence of physical evidence may be limited.

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